As with the US, tuition in Canada varies wildly. I have no information about Eastern Canada, which may operate more similar to the US model, but I can provide details about British Columbia. Education in Canada is handled Provincially, although the federal government handles education issues for Aboriginal peoples due to their treaty status. Mostly this means options for academic support (scholarships, living in homes of local aboriginal families, and cultural centres), but there are some Aboriginal colleges.
In BC, "college" refers to Community Colleges, which offer university prep. and Associates degrees (ie, first two years of university equivalent classes), and Trade Colleges. Many colleges will offer both types. Colleges have more classes in the afternoon and evening, allowing for adult education, and often have somewhat easier grading.
Costs for college classes vary a lot depending on the class type. The September 2015 tuition fees for my local college show $250-350 for most university equivalent classes, but trade courses range from under $200 (basic admin) to over $1000 (Carpentry, Medical Assistance practicum). There's also a heavy emphasis on English as a Second Language in BC, both for local students and international students (who are charged as much as three times more for tuition alone).
Universities in Canada offer the traditional degree programs, but we're on the shorter term system, not the semester system like the US (though many students will still use the word "semester"). There are four terms: Winter (Jan - Apr), Spring (May - Jun), Summer (Jul - Aug), and Fall (Sep - Dec). The Spring & Summer terms teach the same material (and cost the same) but with either longer classes or more classes per week. The last month of each term is set aside for exams, so each term is actually 14 weeks (usually 26- 80 minute classes or 39- 50 minute classes).
The last class I took was Winter 2015, at which time tuition worked out to around $675. Of that, the basic class cost was $515, with the remainder covering student society fee, athletics fee, and a bus pass (non-optional). Books usually come to another $50 - $150 per class. There is also an optional medical insurance plan for just under $100 per term; for full time students (3 classes or more per term), the medical plan is non-optional and included with fees.
Interestingly, my student email account is still good despite not having taken classes in a year, and that allows me to continue using electronic library resources and to access institutional and academic databases.
P.S. - You can get this from Wikipedia (I did), but currently in BC there are 11 Universities, 11 Colleges, and 3 Institutes which are all publicly funded, with an additional 3 Private Universities, 5 Private Colleges, and 6 Theological Colleges which are not.