"Ten Reasons Why I'll Quickly Reject Your Story"
There's something on "implied information" in #6 that some might find interesting. There's a reference to "stood" vs "stood up." Here's #6:
6. The author is unable to "imply" information. Consider the following sentences. Which one do you think the author should use to convey the intended information?
- She shook.
- She shook his hand.
- She reached out and shook his hand.
- She reached out her hand and shook his hand.
- She reached out her hand and shook his hand with her hand that she was reaching out with.
You'd be surprised by what people write. I once had a woman who "shook," and it wasn't obvious that she was shaking someone's hand until three sentences later. That's a case where the author thought that his sentence implied more than it did. A few stories later, I got option number five, which was vastly overwritten. Here's a tip: since we typically have to reach out to shake someone's hand, the words "reached out" in each of the above sentences are already implied, and probably are unnecessary. In the same way, when we stand, we don't need to add the word "up." If we sit, we don't need to add the word "down." If someone "nods," we don't have to add the words "his head." No one ever nods his knee. Authors who are unaware of how to imply information will almost always overwrite their stories, adding entire scenes that don't need to be there. Either that, or they'll leave out a great deal of vital description. Rarely will they do both.